Family Names

Monday, 17 July 2017

When did John Bassett come out to Australia?

Article - 7 John Bassett of Madron (1790- 1868) 

After initial research, it appeared that John Bassett first came out to Australia in 1861 as part of a large family group on the SS Great Britain (Voyage 21) which arrived in Hobson’s Bay, Williamstown, Victoria on the 23rd Dec 1861.[i] 

SS Great Britain

Artist unknown, SS Great Britain in 1853, showing her four-masted sail plan following her refit from five masts. She was later refitted again, to a traditional three-masted, square-rigged pattern. From Maginnis, Arthur J. (1900): The Atlantic Ferry: Its Ships, Men and Working, Whittaker and Co., London and New York. Wikipeda Commons Accessed 14 July 2017 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SS_Great_Britain_with_four_masts_1853.jpg [out of copyright]

Travelling with him were his wife Martha, and daughters Ann Davey and Martha Rowe, their husbands and children and soon to be daughter-in-law Eleanor Symons.

Previous visits to Australia

More research, however, revealed that John Bassett (Snr) may have made several trips between Australia and England before he moved permanently with the rest of the extended family in 1861.  This is supported by a reference to John Bassett in “The Methodist History of Victoria and Tasmania: Originally published in the Spectator, Volume 2, 1989 onwards”  
"Mr John Bassett, known as Grandfather Bassett, was a much-loved and esteemed local preacher and class-leader; also was Mr. T. Featonby and others, whose names cannot be erased by time, as their works follow them. Mr. Bassett was called Home at 80 years of age in 1869".   
Professor Ian Breward the archivist at the Uniting Church archives in Victoria Australia, felt that such terms of endearment "much-loved and esteemed local preacher" indicated that John Bassett (Snr) must have arrived earlier than 1861.

Research further afield found a John Bassett on the Marco Polo 1853 which may have been our John Bassett accompanied by his John Bassett (Jnr). (The ages match perfectly).  Listed on the passenger list were John Bassett, aged 53 & John Bassett, aged 32.

The Marco Polo

 Llithograph artist unknown,  The celebrated clipper ship Marco Polo, as she appeared in the Mersey after the completion of her two unparalleled voyages from Liverpool to Melbourne and back in 11 months and 21 days, including detention in Australia, Liverpool : W. H. Hammond and Co. Lith. ; [ca.1860]  http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-137247182. [out of copyright]

A  notation on a mining lease application made in Victoria, Australia for ground in Specimen Hill, Sailors Gully on the 4th February 1861 which included the following special remarks that 
“The applicant had been in possession of the ground for 5 years”( Bendigo Lease Register, Department of  Energy and ……. Registry of Applications) indicating that John Bassett [probably John Bassett Junior] was already mining in the area on this site in 1855.  

It is likely that John’s second eldest son was involved in mining activities for English mining investors and may have travelled back and forth to organize funding and arrangements for future mining operations, his father may have accompanied him on several of these trips, perhaps to help with some of the details and laying the groundwork for the eventual arrival of other family members.  John Bassett Snr may have also been the courier of important correspondence between the Australian operations and the British investors for his son. 

Photographer Alexander Fox,  Miners wearing their best clothes near Bendigo, 1853, digital image, Museums Victoria Collections https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/items/769693, Accessed 17 July 2017 (CC BY 4.0)
The links between British investors and John Bassett Jnr still need to be explored.

Next week I hope to trace the rest of the Bassett Family coming over from Cornwall to Australia. 


Previous Articles in this Series - John Bassett of Madron, (1790-1868)

Article 1 -  Who is John Bassett?



Sources


[i] Victoria, Australia, Assisted and Unassisted Passenger Lists, 1839-1923 [database on-line]. Ancestry.com  (www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 July 2017) Passenger List of S.S. Great Britain 19 October 1861, marked p.9, Line 14, John Bassett, age 70;[ Series: VPRS 7666; Series Title: Inward Overseas Passenger Lists (British Ports) Public Record Office Victoria, North Melbourne, Victoria.]

Monday, 10 July 2017

Locating John Bassett’s adult children in the English Censuses

Article - 6 John Bassett of Madron (1790- 1868) 

John and Martha had nine children of which 5 survived through to adulthood. As discussed previously John & Martha’s living children were still all in the family home in 1841.  In this post, we trace the children as they begin to move out of their parent’s home and establish their own families

Artist Julian Ashton, “Taking the census” , Engraved in image published in The Australasian sketcher. 1881 Alfred May and Alfred Martin Ebsworth, Melbourne [The great census of the Empire of Great Britain, taken on the night of Sunday, April 3.] http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/257382 Accessed 10 July 20174

The 1851 Census

John’s eldest son William, and his family were living in Halligan, Crowan, Cornwall.[i] William had married Martha Moffatt in 10 July 1841 in Breage soon after the 1841 census. [ii]
William Bassett
Head
M
34
Tin Miner
St Hilary Cornwall
Martha Bassett
Wife
M
35

Breage Cornwall
Nanny Bassett
Dau
U
9

St Erth Cornwall
Mary Bassett
Dau
U
8

Breage Cornwall
Martha Bassett
Dau
U
4

Breage Cornwall
William Bassett
Son
U
6

Breage Cornwall
Elizabeth Bassett
Dau
U
1

Crowan Cornwall

Eighteen months after John’s eldest son married, his eldest daughter also got married to Stephen Davey on 26 December 1842 in Breage.[iii] This liaison must have facilitated the meeting of Ann’s brother John, to Stephen’s sister Catherine as they married six months later on 10 May 1843 also in Breage[iv]

These two couples didn’t live very far apart, in 1851 they were living next door to each other, Ann and her husband Stephen Davey lived household number 96.[v] John lived next door in household number 97.[vi]
Stephen Davey
Head
M
30
Miner
Gwinear Cornwall
Ann Davey
Wife
M
24

Breage Cornwall
Jane Davey
Dau
U
7

Breage Cornwall
Elizabeth Davey
Dau
U
5
Miners Daughter
Crowan Cornwall
John Davey
Son
U
2
Miners Daughter
Crowan Cornwall
Next Door
John Bassett
Head
M
30
Miner
Breage Cornwall
Catharine Bassett
Wife
M
27

Lanlivery Cornwall
Francis Bassett
Son
U
7
Miners Son
Crowan Cornwall
John Bassett
Son
U
4

Crowan Cornwall
Catharine Bassett
Dau
U
2
Miners Daughter
Crowan Cornwall

John and Martha’s two younger children, Martha and James, were still living in the family home with their parents John and Martha in 1851.[vii]

The 1861 census

By 1861 John and Martha were living alone and child free. John’s youngest daughter, Martha had married James Rowe on 4 October 1851 in St Erth, Cornwall.[viii]  Martha and her husband had moved to West Downs, Crowan in Cornwall.[ix]

West Downs, Crowan
James Rowe
head
marr
39
Miner
St Earth [sic]
Martha Rowe
Wife
  “
32
 Do’s [ditto] Wife 
Breage
Julia Rowe
Daur
  “
7
“    “
Crowan  “
Martha Rowe
Daur
  “
5
“    “
Do [ditto]
Henry B Rowe
Son
  “
1
“    “
Do [ditto]

John and Martha were living between their daughter and daughter-in-law’s home in the Hamlet of Fraddam, Gwinear.  Both young families were without their men, the husbands having already left for Australia, leaving wife and children at home in Cornwall.   Fortunately, the homes were only six doors apart.  

Fraddam, Gwinear

The rest of John and Martha’s children were living Fraddam with the exception of their youngest son James who we have not been able to located.


Household number 143[x]
Martha Bassett
head
marr
45
miners Wife Husband in Australia
Cornwall, Breage
Nanny    “
Daughter
umar
19
Dressmaker
Cornwall, Crowan
Mary
Daughter
unmar
18
works the tin mine
Cornwall, Breage
Martha J
Daughter
unmar
14
Learning dress  making
Cornwall, Breage
Elizabeth
Daughter

11

Cornwall, Crowan
John Bassett
son

7

Cornwall, Gwinear
Next Door
Household number 144[xi]
John Bassett
head
mar
70
Tin dresser
Cornwall, Madron
Martha (Carbis)
Wife
mar
65

Cornwall, Paul
And 6 houses down live
Household number 153[xii]
Ann Davies
Head
Marr
35
miners Wife Husband in Australia
Cornwall, Breage
Jane B Davies
Daughter
Unmar
17
Hatter
Cornwall, Breage
Elizabeth Davies
Dau
unmar
15
Learning Dress making
Cornwall, Breage
John Davies
Son

12
Scholar
Cornwall, Breage
Stephen Davies
Son

9
Scholar
Cornwall, Breage
[Note:  the name was spelt wrong on the census however we feel that this is our Ann Bassett for the following reasons:-
1.        the ages of the children match up perfectly
2.        Stephen Davey we know from other records is indeed in Australia
3.        Jane B would stand for Jane Bassett
the rest of the family were nearby and eventually, all travelled together to Australia]

Summary of findings

Family members in the English Census

1841
1851
1861
1871
John & Martha
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Godolphin Moor, Breage
Fraddam, Gwinear
No
William
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Halligan, Crowan
No, wife only listed, recorded as being in Australia. Wife is living in Fraddam, Gwinear
No
John
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Horse Downs, Crowan
No
No
Ann (Davey)
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Horse Downs, Crowan
Yes, husband recorded as being in Australia. Fraddam, Gwinear
No
Martha
(Rowe)
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Godolphin Moor, Breage
West Downs, Crowan
No
James
Blowing House Stamps, Breage
Godolphin Moor, Breage
No
No

Mining was the family focus however during the mid-19th century the tin and copper industry in Cornwall went into a steep decline which may have prompted the move to Australia.  It would appear that by 1871 John and Martha’s entire family were no longer in England. The family migration to Australia began, as early as 1861
John’s youngest son James location in the 1851 census is not known.  It is thought he may have gone to Australia as did his brother and brother-in-law, but this has not been confirmed at present.
Next week I take a look at when did John Bassett (bap 1790) may have come out to Australia, which may have been more than once.

Previous Articles in this Series - John Bassett of Madron, (1790-1868)

Article 1 -  Who is John Bassett?


Sources
[i] "1851 Census England," database, MyHeritage (www.MyHeritage.com  : accessed  7 July 2017) entry for  William Bassett (age 34) & family,  village of Hallegan, Crowan, Cornwall, citing PRO HO107/1913 folio 511,  p.5  Crowan registration district, ED 1g, household 11.
[ii] FamilySearch, Marriage Banns of William Bassett and Martha Moffat, banns read 20, 27  June & 4 July 1841, Breage Church Register, Cornwall, England, Entry #16 p.4. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Marriage banns Breage Cornwall, 1841-1888. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SR3-118?cc=1769414&wc=3CB7-YWB%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138330201  : 14 April 2015 (image 5 of 201); FamilySearch, Marriage of William Bassett and  Emma Moffatt married 10 July 1841, Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry 188 p.94. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro.  Marriages Breage Cornwall, 1837-1846. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-987?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-C6J%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138352501  : 14 April 2015 (image 97 of 219) & repeated at FamilySearch, Marriage of William Bassett and  Emma Moffatt married 10 July 1841, Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry 188 p.94. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro.  Marriages, 1837-1848 Breage Cornwall.   https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GR7S-95ZF?cc=1769414&wc=3CB7-T3J%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138357401  : 14 April 2015 (image 94 of 251)
[iii] FamilySearch, Marriage Banns of Stephen Davey & Anne Bassett, read 20, 27 November & 4 December 1842,. Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry 85, p.17/18 "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Marriage banns Breage Cornwall, 1841-1888. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-413?cc=1769414&wc=3CB7-YWB%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138330201  : 14 April 2015 (image 12 of 201);   FamilySearch, Marriage of Stephen Davey & Anne Bassett, married 26 December 1841,  Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry #258, p.129. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-HTZ?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-C6J%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138352501  : 14 April 2015 (image 132 of 219)
[iv] FamilySearch, Marriage Banns of John Bassett and Catherine Davey read 23, 30 April & 7 May 1843.  Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry #109 p.22. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Marriage banns Breage Cornwall, 1841-1888. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-H44?cc=1769414&wc=3CB7-YWB%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138330201 : 14 April 2015.  (image 14 of 201); Marriage of John Bassett and Catherine Davey, married 12 May 1843, Breage Church Register, Cornwall. Entry #276 p.138. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Marriage Breage Cornwall, 1837-1846.  https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-MD1?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-C6J%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138352501 : 14 April 2015 (image 141 of 219)
[v] "1851 Census England," database, MyHeritage (www.MyHeritage.com : accessed  7 July 2017) entry for  Stephen Davey (aged 30) & family, village of Horse Downs, Crowan, Cornwall. citing PRO HO107/1913, folio 485 & 486, p.25 & 26; Crowan registration district, Helston subdistrict, , ED1e, household 96.
[vi] 1851 Census England," database, MyHeritage (www.MyHeritage.com : accessed  7 July 2017) entry for  John Bassett (age 30) & family, village of Horse Downs, Crowan, Cornwall. citing PRO HO107/1913, folio 486, p.26; Crowan registration district, Helston subdistrict, , ED1e, household 97.
[vii] “1851 England Census,” database, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 July 2017). Entry for John Bassett (aged 61), Godolphin Moor Breage, Cornwall; citing PRO HO107/ 1913, Folio: 245; Page: 14, Helston registration district, St Keverne subdistrict, ED 1b, household 48.
[viii] FamilySearch, Marriage of James Rowe and Martha Bassett married 4 October 1851, St ERth Church Register, Cornwall. Entry #220, p.110. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images. Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Marriages St Erth, Cornwall 1837-1870,  https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DTL7-TH3?cc=1769414&wc=3CBC-2NL%3A138123201%2C141323201%2C141197201  : 14 April 2015 (image 112 of 252); England, Registrar General. Marriage Certificate for James Rowe and Martha Bassett, married 4 Oct 1851 St Erth, Cornwall; citing 4th Quarter/Vol 9/p 275 Penzance registration district: General Registry Office, Southport.
[ix] "1851 Census England," database, MyHeritage (www.MyHeritage.com: accessed  7 July 2017) entry for  James Rowe (aged 39) & family, village of West Downs, Crowan, Cornwall. citing PRO RG 9/1575, folio 19, p.8; Helston registration district, Crowan subdistrict, ED2, household 34.
[x] “1861 England Census” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com: accessed 9 July 2017) entry of Martha Bassett (aged 45) & family, village of Fraddam, Gwinear, Cornwall. Citing PRO RG 9/1585, Folio: 37, p.35; Redruth registration district, Phillack subdistrict, ED 6, household 143
[xi] “1861 England Census” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com: accessed 9 July 2017) entry of John Bassett (aged 70) & wife, village of Fraddam, Gwinear, Cornwall. Citing PRO RG 9/1585, Folio: 37, p.35; Redruth registration district, Phillack subdistrict, ED 6, household 144
[xii] “1861 England Census” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com: accessed 9 July 2017) entry of Ann Davies (aged 35) & family, village of Fraddam, Gwinear, Cornwall. Citing PRO RG 9/1585, Folio: 37, p.37; Redruth registration district, Phillack subdistrict, ED 6, household 153